Glaucoma FAQs

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Glaucoma is a serious eye condition that affects millions of people worldwide. As a leading cause of irreversible blindness, it’s important to be informed about this condition and how it can be managed. If you have questions about glaucoma, you’re not alone. In this article, we’ll address some of the most frequently asked questions about glaucoma to help you better understand this condition and its implications for your eye health.

What is Glaucoma?

Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases that damage the optic nerve, typically due to increased pressure within the eye. This damage can lead to vision loss and, if left untreated, blindness. Glaucoma often develops slowly and without noticeable symptoms in its early stages, which is why regular eye exams are crucial for early detection and treatment.

What Causes Glaucoma?

The exact cause of glaucoma is not fully understood, but it is generally associated with increased pressure inside the eye. This increased pressure can result from a buildup of fluid (aqueous humor) that is not draining properly, causing damage to the optic nerve over time. Other risk factors for glaucoma include age, family history, ethnicity, and certain medical conditions such as diabetes and high blood pressure.

How is Glaucoma Diagnosed?

Glaucoma is typically diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam performed by an ophthalmologist. During the exam, your eye doctor will measure your intraocular pressure, examine the optic nerve, and assess your visual field. Additional tests, such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and gonioscopy, may also be used to evaluate the structure of the eye and determine the severity of glaucoma.

What Are the Treatment Options for Glaucoma?

Treatment for glaucoma aims to lower intraocular pressure and prevent further damage to the optic nerve. Depending on the type and severity of glaucoma, treatment options may include prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, or surgical procedures. Your ophthalmologist will work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan based on your specific needs and the stage of your glaucoma.

Can Glaucoma Be Prevented?

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent glaucoma, early detection and treatment are key to managing the condition and preventing vision loss. Regular eye exams are essential for detecting glaucoma in its early stages when treatment is most effective. Additionally, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding smoking, may help reduce your risk of developing glaucoma.

Expert Glaucoma Care in Monterrey, CA

If you have concerns about glaucoma or are due for a comprehensive eye exam, don’t hesitate to contact Monterey Bay Eye Center in Monterrey at (831) 372-1500. Our team of experienced ophthalmologists is dedicated to providing expert care and personalized treatment plans to help you maintain optimal eye health. Schedule an appointment with an ophthalmologist near you today and take proactive steps to protect your vision for the future.

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